1857 the India Mutiny turned Miss Nightingales interest to
the health of the Army in India. It was for this purpose the
Royal Commission was appointed in 1859. In 1868, a sanitary
department was established.
1888, ten qualified British nurses arrived in India to look
after the British Army in India. In 1905, during the British
rule in India, missionary nurses arrived as members of Missionary
Medical Association. This was the very start of formalized
nursing service in India.
the increasing need of adequately trained nurses led to creation
of South India Examining Board in 1911 and the North India
Examining Board in 1912. It was the mission hospital Nursing
leaders who laid the foundation of systematic Nursing education
in India. However, the mid India Board of Examination was
started in 1934. But this was not regulated for registration.
State-wise councils started developing from 1935 onwards.
Indian Nursing Council (INC) Act was passed by the Parliament
in 1947. The Nursing Council upgraded the educational requirements
which permitted only matriculated candidates to seek admission
to the schools. Now, India has State-wise registration councils
in 19 states. ( TNAI yearbook 2000-2001).
Government granted an approval to the Bhore Committee's (1946)
recommendations by starting two colleges of Nursing in Delhi
(1946) and Vellore (1947). This provided university degree
level courses. With the efforts of Professor S. Radhakrishnan
(the then Chairman of University Education Commission), Nursing
education in the country was integrated into the system of
there has been an improvement in the availability of nursing
education in India.
the pioneer of nursing profession
Unforgettable - Florence Nightingale (1820-1910)
stating about nursing as a profession, one always gets the
picture of Florence Nightingale, the pioneer of nursing profession.
She was born to English parents on May 12, 1820 in Florence,
Italy. She was entitled ' Lady of the lamp'. Her work is well
known and well recognized world wide.
got the opportunity of recienney good (best) education and
also traveled throughout Europe and could make good contacts
which really helped her to achieve the "mission"
in her life. She came across individuals who were concerned
with the reforms of social institutions such as prisons and
hospitals. In 1853, she spent three months in Kaiserworth,
Germany . In the same year she was appointed as Superintendent
of Institution for the care of sick - gentle women in London.
during the Crimean war, when women nurses were considered
to be revolutionary, Florence Nightingale demonstrated quality
nursing care along with 38 other nurses. After her extensive
service at the Crimean war, efforts of Florence resulted in
the appointment of the Royal Commission on the health of the
Army. As one of the consequence, The Army Medical School was
founded in 1857.
her lifetime, her work and devotion enlightened the whole
society. She was the founder of Nightingale School for nurses,
the first ever of its kind. In 1907, she was conferred "The
Order of Merit" by the King.